Rococo vs. Baroque in Architecture and Design
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Are you sure you want to Yes No. Nona Lloyd Want to preview some of our plans? Shagun Kothari. Dhanraj Salvi. Naths Quisor. Kareem Mohamed. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Introduction to Baroque and Rococo Architecture 1. The fundamental characteristic of Baroque art is dynamism a sense of motion. Strong curves, rich decoration, and general complexity are all typical features of Baroque art.
The Baroque age concluded with the French-born Rococo style ca. The Baroque is a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, theater, and music. The style began around in Rome, Italy, and spread to most of Europe. The popularity and success of the Baroque style was encouraged by the Catholic Church, which had decided at the time of the Council of Trent, in response to the Protestant Reformation, that the arts should communicate religious themes in direct and emotional involvement.
The aristocracy also saw the dramatic style of Baroque architecture and art as a means of impressing visitors and expressing triumph, power and control. Baroque palaces are built around an entrance of courts, grand staircases and reception rooms of sequentially increasing opulence. However, "baroque" has resonance and application that extend beyond a simple reduction to either style or period.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th- century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion. It was characterized by new explorations of form, light and shadow, and dramatic intensity.
Baroque and Rococo: A Basic Comparison
The Baroque was, initially at least, directly linked to the Counter-Reformation, a movement within the Catholic Church to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation. Baroque architecture and its embellishments were on the one hand more accessible to the emotions and on the other hand, a visible statement of the wealth and power of the Church. The new style manifested itself in particular in the context of the new religious orders, like the Theatines and the Jesuits who aimed to improve popular faith.
Francesco Borromini and Gianlorenzo Bernini bitter rivals worked on the church. Distinctive features of Baroque architecture can include: 1.
In churches, broader naves and sometimes given oval forms. Fragmentary or deliberately incomplete architectural elements. Dramatic use of light; either strong light-and-shade contrasts as at the church of Weltenburg Abbey, or uniform lighting by means of several windows.
Opulent use of colour and ornaments putti or figures made of wood often gilded , plaster or stucco, marble or faux finishing. Large-scale ceiling frescoes. The interior is a shell for painting, sculpture and stucco 8. Illusory effects like an art technique involving extremely realistic imagery in order to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects appear in three dimensions and the blending of painting and architecture. The plan synthesizes the central planning of the High Renaissance, expressed by the grand scale of the dome and the prominent piers of the crossing.
Everywhere inlaid polychrome marble revetments are relieved by gilding, frescoed barrel vaults enrich the ceiling and rhetorical white stucco and marble sculptures break out of their tectonic framing.
Similarities Between Rococo and Baroque | Home Guides | SF Gate
Francesco Borromini was the master of curved-wall architecture. Though he designed many large buildings, Borromini's most famous and influential work may be the small church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane "Saint Charles at the Four Fountains". The concave-convex facade of San Carlo undulates in a non- classic way.
Tall Corinthian columns stand on plinths and bear the main entablatures; these define the main framework of two storeys and the tripartite bay division. Roland Michel, Marianne. Neuillysur-Seine, France, The Age of Rococo. Translated by Daphne Woodward.
http://www.padel4u.pl/modules/sulfate-dhydroxychloroquine-et-azithromycine-pilules.php London, Sedlmayr, Hans, and Hermann Bauer. New York , Semper, Gottfried. Munich , — Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. September 22, Retrieved September 22, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. C18 decorative style some e. Pevsner have denied it as a style at all, but others e.
It was elegant and frothy, deriving from Auricular , Rocaille , and Baroque themes, drawing on the marine and shell motifs found in grottoes , and incorporating ogee and C- scrolls , asymmetrically disposed around frames, cartouches , etc.
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Colours were light and pale, often incorporating gold and silver, while the exotic was never far away, for Rococo designs included aspects of Chinoiserie , Gothick , and even, in its late phase, Hindoo decorations. Rococo decorations included bandwork , diaper -patterns, espagnolettes , scallop-shells, and scroll-work, incorporated in schemes of decoration of unsurpassed grace and beauty, perhaps achieving their greatest heights in France and Southern Germany.
Rococo enjoyed a revival in France during C19, while in America, Britain , and Germany aspects of Rococo re-emerged from the s to the s, and in the late s and s there was another revival which was transmogrified into a synthesis of design in Art Nouveau. The term may be derived from the French words rocaille and coquille rock and shell , natural forms prominent in the Italian baroque decorations of interiors and gardens. In contrast with the heavy baroque plasticity and grandiloquence, the rococo was an art of exquisite refinement and linearity.
The Parisian tapestry weavers, cabinetmakers, and bronze workers followed the trend and arranged motifs such as arabesque elements, shells, scrolls, branches of leaves, flowers, and bamboo stems into ingenious and engaging compositions. The fashionable enthusiasm for Chinese art added to the style the whole bizarre vocabulary of chinoiserie motifs.
Italian rococo, particularly that of Venice, was brilliantly decorative, exemplified in the paintings of Tiepolo. The furniture of Thomas Chippendale manifested its influence in England. During the s and s, the rococo competed with a more severely classical form of architecture, which triumphed with the accession of Louis XVI. See F. Kimball, The Creation of the Rococo ; A.
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